The body is never immobile, even when we are standing still. It is constantly oscillating to keep us upright, a feat achieved by virtue of muscle tone. It is essential that this oscillation keeps the centre of gravity within the polygon of sustentation otherwise we fall over.
We keep ourselves upright thanks to the constant reception of sensitive information by the body to which responds after processing. Both internal and external, the stimuli are captured by sensitive receptors which are part of or connected to the central nervous system. The brain integrates this information and translates it into a biomechanical response via our locomotor system which modifies muscle tone.
Posture is the result of our body adapting to these internal and external stimuli with the minimum possible consumption of energy.
For the body to achieve this equilibrium with the minimum energy output, it is essential that the nervous system is functioning correctly. There are many distinct factors which need the correct counterbalancing by the body to prevent disequilibrium and the consequent excess energy output. Some of these are:
· The eye both in terms of vision and its mechanical working
· Mandibular occlusion
· Fascial tension
· The locomotor system
· The ear in its balance function
· The feet
· The spinal column
Postural problems can manifest themselves in many different ways and sometimes remotely. Apart from pain, symptoms may include fatigue, headaches, migraines, study problems, irritable colon and joint degeneration.
Posturology make it possible to identify the physiological abnormality affecting standing, to diagnose the disorder and determine the optimum treatment for in case.